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The Model Code of Conduct (MCC)

The Model Code of Conduct (MCC)

Context:

The Election Commission on has announced that the Karnataka assembly polls will be held on May 12 and the votes will be counted on May 15.

EC also clarified that the model code of conduct, which begins once the dates are announced, would not interfere with the formation of the Cauvery Management Board. 

The Model Code of Conduct:

  • Election Commission of India's Model Code of Conduct is a set of guidelines issued by the Election Commission of India for conduct of political parties and candidates during elections mainly with respect to speeches, polling day, polling booths, election manifestos, processions and general conduct.
  • These set of norms has been evolved with the consensus of political parties who have consented to abide by the principles embodied in the said code in its letter and spirit.
  • The Model Code of Conduct comes into force immediately on announcement of the election schedule by the commission for the need of ensuring free and fair elections.
  •  Much of it is designed to avert communal clashes and corrupt practices. For example, politicians should not make hate speeches, putting one community against another or make promises about new projects that may sway a voter.

Present form of MCC:

  • In 1991, the code was consolidated and re-issued in its present form.
  • The present code contains guidelines for general conduct of political parties and candidates (no attack on private life, no appeal to communal feelings, discipline and decorum in meetings, processions, guidelines for party in power – official machinery and facilities not to be used for electioneering, prohibition against Ministers and other authorities in announcing grants, new schemes, etc).

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