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45th anniversary of the Chipko movement

45th anniversary of the Chipko movement

Context:

45th anniversary of the Chipko movement is being observed in India. The Google has commemorated it with a doodle.

About Chipko movement

  • It refers to a forest conservation movement.
  • The word 'chipko', which means to hug, soon became the name of the eponymous movement, and the catchphrase for environmentalists the world over.
  • 1973, villagers in Uttar Pradesh’s Chamoli district (now Uttarakhand) took to hugging trees to prevent their felling at the hands of contractors and to protect trees from the deforestation that accompanied rapid industrialisation in the years following independence.
  • The chipko aandolan is a movement that practised methods of Satyagraha where both male and female activists from Uttarakhand played vital roles, including Gaura Devi, Sudesha Devi, Bachni Devi and Chandi Prasad Bhatt.
  • In 1987, the Chipko movement was awarded the Right Livelihood Award.

Impact:

  • The leaders and proponents of the Chipko movement were mainly rural women, so it came to be identified with eco-feminism.
  • This instance influenced the natural resource policy.
  • Other notable green warriors include Sunderlal Bahuguna, a Gandhian activist and philosopher, who was instrumental in enacting a law to ban the felling of trees in ecologically sensitive forest lands.
  • He also coined the Chipko slogan: 'ecology is permanent economy'.
  • In 1980, the government banned felling of trees in the Himalayan forests of Uttar Pradesh for a period of 15 years.
  • Subsequently, the green-felling ban was extended to forests in the Western Ghats and the Vindhyas.

Chipko–type movements date back to 1730 AD when in Khejarli village of Rajasthan, 363 people (Bishnoi's) sacrificed their lives to save khejri trees.

 

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