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Mass nesting of olive ridleys begins in Odisha

Mass nesting of olive ridleys begins in Odisha

Context:

More than 3,100 female olive ridley turtles came out of the sea to the sandy beach of the Rushikulya rookery coast in Ganjam district of Odisha.The mass nesting process is expected to continue for around a week

Why it is important?

The Rushikulya coast is considered to be a major nesting site in the world and lakhs of olive ridleys come here every year to lay eggs.

What are the Measures taken to protect nesting site ?

  • The Forest Department has erected temporary fences on a stretch of 4.5 km to prevent predators from damaging the nests and the eggs in them.
  • To monitor the endangered marine reptiles, the department has established five control rooms near the Rushikulya rookery. A data interpretation centre has also been started.

Olive Ridley Turtles

  • The olive ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea), also known as the Pacific ridley sea turtle, is a medium-sized species of sea turtle found in warm and tropical waters, primarily in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, Atlantic Ocean.
  • The name for this sea turtle is tied to the color of its shell. They are carnivores in nature.
  • Olive Ridley Turtles are best known for their behavior of synchronized nesting in mass numbers called ‘Arribada’
  • Nesting period: From October to early summer
  • In the Indian Ocean, the majority of olive ridleys nest in two or three large groups near Gahirmatha in Odisha. The coast of Odisha in India is the largest mass nesting site for the olive ridley, followed by the coasts of Mexico and Costa Rica.
  • Conservation status: Vulnerable according to the (IUCN) and is listed in Appendix I of CITES.
  • Protection under The Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) and the Inter-American Convention for the Protection and Conservation of Sea Turtles

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